, barberry, rug and handmade carpet exports. The city of Birjand had a population of 157,848 people at the time of the last official census in 2006.
Being close to the Afghanistan border, Birjand is located on the "Silk Road" of opium smuggled from Afghanistan on the way to Europe (also dubbed the "opium crescent").
The city has a dry climate with significant difference between day and night temperatures. It is a fast-growing city, thus becoming one of the major centres in the East of Iran